targeted interior so knowledge

Every week, African Start-Up follows entrepreneurs in various countries across the continent to see how they are working to make their business dreams become reality.
(CNN) — At 23, many people around the world are still at university — at that age, Gossy Ukanwoke had already started one.
The young entrepreneur is the founder of Beni American University (BAU), Nigerias first private online university. Launched in late 2012, the school allows students to access their classes at any time of the day with any internet-enabled device.
We are providing executive programs for graduates who are looking for employment and want to build up their resumes, or managers who want to climb up the hierarchy of their companies, says Ukanwoke, now 25.

Nigerias Mark Zuckerburg builds own school

African iTunes targets mobile users

We also have courses targeted at people who want to start their own business.
Nigerias Mark Zuckerberg
Ukanwokes idea to start BAU came from his previous online venture called Students Circle, an educational social networking site hed launched while in university that allows learners to interact and access free resources from leading schools.
When I created Students Circle in 2010, explains Ukanwoke, I found out that … many were looking for certificates, hoping that they could get something they could use to maybe find employment or get a promotion in the workplace.
There was a need for a new institution to be created in Nigeria, adds Ukanwoke, who was once described by Forbes as Nigerias Mark Zuckerberg.
Now, some 18 months into his new business endeavor, Ukanwoke has hired 10 instructors and has about 200 students, with an average age of 26.
But the startups journey so far has not been without challenges — Nigerian laws require universities to have a physical campus so last year Ukanwoke went and bought land in the countrys Benue State with the goal to build a private campus that could accommodate some 10,000 students.

Education is about teaching people how to make a living and teaching people how to live.
Gossy Ukanwoke, Beni American University

The project is expected to launch next year, but in the meantime the web courses are up and running — a 12 week online program can cost between $100 and $300. Among the courses offered are corporate diplomacy, global marketing, leadership and management, digital journalism, project management and entrepreneurship and innovation, which is the universitys most popular class.
Its good because I have four kids, says Chinenye Madukwe, one of BAUs students. I have opportunity to work at the same time, because I have a small interior design outfit.
Oo Nwoye, another BAU student, says he enrolled for the knowledge.
It is just helpful for my business and that is the most important thing to me, he explains.
Education is key
A son of two teachers, Ukanwoke says he is driven by his passion to use technology to solve social problems.
I grew up within the framework where education was put at a very high level of importance, and entrepreneurship is something that I always wanted to do, he says.
Without education I dont think we can do any progress, he adds. Its not just about getting a certificate — education is about teaching people how to make a living and teaching people how to live; how to interact with others, how to lead their lives and make something out of themselves, continues Ukanwoke.
With education comes discipline and we need a lot of discipline in Nigeria as well, so education is really important.
Ukanwoke relies mainly on social media to advertize but says that its student referrals that are increasing BAUs enrollment.
We still have a long way to go, we have a lot of work to do, a lot of policy wrangling too, he admits. But its a work in progress and we are quite happy with where we are.

Opposed the complete from

Los Angeles (CNN) — Chris Browns trip to face trial in Washington will be on the Justice Departments Con Air prisoner airline, not on a private jet or a first class commercial ticket as the singer hoped.
Brown, 24, was transferred into the custody of federal marshals after an extradition hearing in federal court in Los Angeles on Wednesday, according to U.S. Marshals Service spokewoman Laura Vega.
Brown will be booked on a series of government planes that hopscotch across the country taking inmates from prison to prison, Vega said. The trip, with several layovers in jails along the way, could take up to two weeks, she said.
Unlike Browns usual mode of touring the country in luxury, he will be wearing handcuffs and possibly chains on his legs.
Brown has been confined to the Los Angeles County jail since he was booted from a court-ordered rehab program three weeks ago.
The U.S. Attorney in Washington petitioned for Brown to be extradited from Los Angeles to D.C. for his April 17 trial.
Brown and his bodyguard are accused of assaulting a man on a D.C. sidewalk last October.
The singer is on probation for the 2009 felony assault of then-girlfriend Rihanna.
Brown lawyer Mark Geragos said Brown would attend a pretrial hearing in Washington on April 7.
Geragos tried to persuade Los Angeles County Superior Court Judge James Brandlin to release Brown from jail so he could fly on his own to Washington. Prosecutors opposed that request and suggested the decision should be made by a federal judge.
Browns legal troubles began five years ago when he beat Rihanna as the two were in a rented Lamborghini on a Hollywood street. He pleaded guilty to felony assault in June 2009, which resulted in a sentence of five years of probation and 1,400 hours of community labor.
The judge has revoked Browns probation twice in the last year, most recently because of his arrest on a sidewalk near the White House after allegedly punching a man.
Brown voluntarily entered a rehab program a day after being released from a Washington jail in October, but he was kicked out a few days later for throwing a rock through his mothers car window after a family session at the center, a probation report said. Brown was upset because his mother said she wanted him to stay in treatment, the report said.
Mr. Brown preceded to walk outside and pick up a rock and threw it through his mothers car window and it shattered, according to a letter from the rehab center included in the probation report.
His probation was revoked last November, but the judge allowed him to stay out of jail by entering a 90-day anger management and drug rehab program. Although he completed that program last month, the judge ordered him to remain a resident at the Malibu treatment facility until another hearing on April 23.
Browns probation officer reported at a February hearing that the singer continues to make great improvement in dealing with anger, stress and drugs, but the judge decided he could not go free until after his trial for an assault charge in Washington on April 17. If he is convicted in that case, the judge would decide at an April 23 hearing if Brown should complete his probation in jail.
He was sent to jail on on March 14 after he was kicked out of the second rehab program for rules violations.
The judge said he was concerned about a provocative statement counselors said Brown wrote on a card at the Malibu rehab center. I am good at using guns and knives, according to a document read in court.
The rehab program told Brown to leave because of that statement and two other rules violations, the document said. Brown refused a drug test — which his lawyer denied — and he touched elbows with a female patient, according to the document.
Brown had been working on a highway cleanup labor crew in Los Angeles three days a week to fulfill the 750 hours of service remaining in his probation requirements, his probation report said. At that rate, Brown could complete the labor in mid-October and possibly be free from probation requirements by the end of the year. With his community labor work now on hold, his probation is expected to extend into 2015.
CNNs Carolyn Sung contributed to this report.

That new makes murphy

(CNN) — Michael Strahan loves the mega-romantic film The Notebook, isnt afraid to admit his fear of snakes, supports same-sex marriage and makes Kelly Ripa giggle like no one else.
Is it any wonder hes a media darling?
The former NFL star is a rising star of another sort these days with gigs as co-host on the popular morning show Live with Kelly and Michael, as a sports commentator and now reports that he may be joining Good Morning America.
Michael Strahan on verge of joining Good Morning America
Its an interesting trajectory for the 6-foot-5-inch, gap-toothed Strahan, who spent his entire professional athletic career playing for the New York Giants and proudly sports a Super Bowl championship ring.
Strahan grew up in Germany, the son of a military man, and briefly played high school football after his family sent him to the States to live with relatives. After playing for Texas Southern University, he was drafted by the New York Giants, where he played from the 1993 to 2007 season.
He enjoyed a 15-year career in the NFL and after retiring in 2008, Strahan followed the route of many former athletes by venturing into sports commentary and signing on as an analyst with Fox Sports in 2008. He also ventured into the world of acting with commercials for various entities including Vaseline, Subway and with the very short-lived Fox sitcom Brothers, which premiered in 2009.
But it was multiple appearances guest-hosting on the then Live with Regis and Kelly morning show that helped him secure a spot as co-host in 2012 after Regis Philbin retired. The pair have become favorites among fans with their easygoing chemistry and obvious adoration for each other.
He really gets it, Ripa told Katie Couric in an interview in 2012 after Strahan was selected following a massive search for her new co-host. He gets what were about.
Its how it is all the time, Strahan said of his relationship with Ripa, whom he calls his work wife. What you see on camera is what you get behind the scenes.
The former jock has also scored in his personal life. After two previous marriages, the second of which was so explosive it provided plenty of fodder for the New York tabloids, Strahan has been engaged for the past few years to Nicole Murphy, who has five children from her marriage to actor Eddie Murphy. Between Strahan and Murphy, the pair have nine children in their blended family.
Appearing on Live with Kelly and Michael in 2013 to promote her reality show Hollywood Exes, Murphy shared 10 things most people didnt know about Strahan, including the fact that he cant stand to be tickled, once had a pet pig and Michael loves to spoon.
Such romance is to be expected from a man who is very open about his love of at least one chick flick.
The Notebook gets me every time, Strahan told Elle magazine. Its a great love story. Boy from the wrong side of the tracks. They get on each others nerves, but they cant live without each other. It almost makes me shed a tear.
Now it looks as if Strahan may be about to bring all that personality to Good Morning America. He previously filled in for the shows anchor, Robin Roberts, when she was on sick leave.

A blaming within

(CNN) — A Turkish court ruled Wednesday that the countrys ban on Twitter violates the right to free expression and demanded that citizens access to the popular microblogging service be restored.
Three people filed complaints to the Constitutional Court after the Telecommunications Directorate blocked access to the social media website Twitter.
The court sent its decision to the Telecommunications Directorate and the Transportation, Maritime and Communication Ministry, asking that necessary measures to restore the service be taken.
Speaking to the daily newspaper Hurriyet, Metin Feyzioglu, president of the Union of Turkish Bar Associations, said, If they dont abide by the ruling, we will file a criminal complaint against the (Telecommunications Directorate) by attaching the ruling of the Constitutional Court.

Twitter users circumvent Erdogans ban

A lower court overturned the Twitter ban last week, but access to the service has not been restored.

Turkey bans Twitter

Blaming social media for fueling anti-government rhetoric, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to eradicate Twitter at a campaign rally in Bursa on March 20.
Within hours, Turkish Internet users were reporting widespread disruptions to Twitter.
Outrage ensued as the hashtags #TwitterisblockedinTurkey and #DictatorErdogan began trending worldwide.
Freedom of expression campaign group Index on Censorship said the ban, which it called censorship of which the worst authoritarian regimes would be proud was emblematic of the increasingly authoritarian tendencies of Erdogan.
Wednesdays court ruling did not address a YouTube ban that took place less than a week after Twitter was blocked.

CNNs Byrony Jones contributed to this report.

are steady resolution books

(CNN) — Western powers slapped sanctions on more than two dozen Russian officials and their allies in Ukraines Crimea region on Monday, while Ukrainian officials vowed they would never accept the territorys annexation by Russia.
In a televised address Monday night, interim Ukrainian President Oleksandr Turchynov said his government would do everything possible to solve the crisis diplomatically, and he praised his citizens for refusing to respond to Russian provocations with violence.
The Kremlin is afraid of the democratic future which we are building, and this is the reason for their aggression, Turchynov said. But this will not be an obstacle to the building of a democratic country.
But he announced a partial mobilization of his countrys armed forces and said Ukrainians have to unite in one big family, which is ready to protect its home. Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk said there was a strong possibility of a Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Obama: Diplomacy possible in Ukraine

Vote like slowly unfolding bad movie

Russia: Crimea vote was legal

Mixed feelings after Crimean referendum

The mood is grim in Kiev Square

I still believe that there is only one solution of this crisis, a peaceful one, Yatsenyuk said. But we offer peace, and Russia offers war.
The Russian-backed breakaway government in Crimea applied to join with Moscow on Monday after a weekend referendum that Ukraine, the United States and the European Union called illegal. U.S. and EU officials announced sanctions on more than two dozen Russian officials and their allies in the region, which Russian-backed forces seized three weeks ago.
In Moscow, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree that recognizes the independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Crimea, says a statement on Russias Kremlin website. The Russian parliament is expected to vote on whether to annex the breakaway territory in the coming days.
Turchynov said Ukraine was willing to hold talks with Russia, but we will never accept the annexing of our territory.
The EU sanctions include the top pro-Russian Crimean secessionist leaders, 10 leading Russian lawmakers who have endorsed the annexation of Crimea and three top Russian military commanders. The U.S. sanctions list also includes two top advisers to Russian President Vladimir Putin and ex-Ukrainian President Yanukovych, whose February ouster in the face of widespread anti-government protests sparked the current crisis.
In Washington, President Barack Obama warned Moscow: Further provocations will achieve nothing except to further isolate Russia and diminish its place in the world.
The international community will continue to stand together to oppose any violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity, and continued Russia military intervention in Ukraine will only deepen Russias diplomatic isolation and exact a greater toll on the Russia economy, he said.
Russian official: Proud to be sanctioned
Washington said its sanctions targeted Russian officials and lawmakers, as well as Crimea-based separatist leaders, with financial sanctions for undermining democratic processes and institutions in Ukraine. Obamas order freezes any assets in the United States and bans travel for the 11 people named. Among those sanctioned were ousted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and aides to Putin.
But one of the Putin aides named in the U.S. sanctions called it a great honor to be singled out for American punishment.
I consider the decision of the Washington administration as a recognition of my service to Russia, Vladislav Surkov told Russian news outlet MK.
And in Brussels, Belgium, European Union international policy chief Catherine Ashton announced sanctions against 21 people responsible for actions which undermine or threaten the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine. She called the weekend vote illegal and a clear breach of the Ukrainian Constitution, and she urged Russia not to follow up by annexing the territory.
We want to underline very clearly that there is still time to avoid a negative spiral and to reverse current developments, she said.
More measures are expected to follow in a few days, when EU leaders meet for a summit in Brussels, Lithuanian Foreign Affairs Minister Linas Linkevicius wrote in a message on Twitter.
Diplomatically, Sundays referendum has put the United States and Russia on the kind of collision course not seen since the Cold War. Economically, its unclear how much such a coupling will cost Russia.
These are pinpricks, Russian journalist and CNN analyst Vladimir Pozner said of Mondays sanctions. Some officials wont be able to travel to the United States, but they probably wont lose a lot of sleep over it, he told CNNs The Lead with Jake Tapper.
But Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Connecticut, said the sanctions will show Putin that if Russia annexes Crimea, This is just the beginning of sanctions, not the end.

Crimean PM: We are going to Russia

A woman leaves a voting booth in Sevastopol, Ukraine, on Sunday, March 16. Polls opened Sunday morning in a referendum in Ukraines Crimea region, in which voters are to voice their wish to either join Russia or become an effectively independent state connected to Ukraine.

Solodkova Natalia, who was not healthy enough to visit a polling station, casts her vote at her home in Bakhchysaray, Ukraine, on March 16.

Pro-Russian Crimeans dance as they celebrate in Sevastopol, Ukraine, on March 16.

A Crimean man holds a Soviet Union flag in Lenin Square in Simferopol, Ukraine, on March 16.

A man holds a ballot after casting a vote in favor of separation from Ukraine in the Crimean referendum in Simferopol, Ukraine, on March 16.

Referendum staff wait to collect the vote of WWII veteran Grinevich Oleksander in Bakhchysaray, Ukraine, on March 16.

People stand in line to vote at a bank office in Simferopol, Ukraine. Results are expected on Monday. The United States has already said it expects the Black Sea peninsulas majority ethnic Russian population to vote in favor of joining Russia.

People sign up to receive their ballots from electoral staff at a polling station in Sevastopol.

A woman casts her ballot in the Crimean referendum in Simferopol.

The newly installed pro-Russian leader of Crimea, Sergey Aksyonov, casts his ballot at a polling station. He called on the residents of Crimea to cast their votes independent of nationalism and disintegration.

Cossacks guard the regional parliament building during the Crimean referendum in Simferopol.

Voters talk to election officials inside a polling station in Simferopol.

People vote inside a polling station in Simferopol. If the vote goes in favor of joining Russia, Crimeas government will declare its independence and ask Moscow to let it join the Russian Federation.

Ukraines Crimea region votes
Photos: Ukraines Crimea region votes
Photos: Ukraines Crimea region votes
Photos: Ukraines Crimea region votes
Photos: Ukraines Crimea region votes
Photos: Ukraines Crimea region votes
Ukraines Crimea region votes
Ukraines Crimea region votes
Ukraines Crimea region votes
Ukraines Crimea region votes
Ukraines Crimea region votes
Ukraines Crimea region votes
Ukraines Crimea region votes
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SIMFEROPOL, UKRAINE: Celebrations already well underway here in Lenin Square in Simferopol (March 16). – CNNs Dominique Van Heerden. Follow Dominique on Instagram at instagram.com/dominique_vh.

KIEV, UKRAINE: The mood was grim in Kyivs Maydan (March 16), as a mustachioed Ukrainian Cossack beat a kettle drum during the separatist referendum in Crimea. – CNNs Ivan Watson. WATCH THE INSTAGRAM VIDEO Follow Ivan on Instagram at instagram.com/ivancnn.

SIMFEROPOL, UKRAINE: Voting has started in Crimea (March 16). Steady stream of voters at this polling station in the center of Simferopol. – CNNs Dominique Van Heerden. Follow Dominique on Instagram at instagram.com/dominique_vh.

DONETSK, UKRAINE: Demonstrators wave revolutionary flags at a major pro-Russia rally in Lenin Square in central Donetsk (March 15). Some are calling for independence from Ukraine. Others are calling for union with Russia. Photo by CNNs Kellie Morgan.

SIMFEROPOL, UKRAINE: Pro-Soviet flags being made and handed out in Simferopol on March 14. – CNNs Michael Holmes. Follow Michael on Instagram at instagram.com/holmescnn.

SIMFEROPOL, UKRAINE: You really dont have to wander very far in Simferopol (March 14) to find posters like this one around parliament and Lenin Square. – CNNs Dominique Van Heerden. Follow Dominique on Instagram at instagram.com/dominique_vh

KIEV, UKRAINE: Protesters outside parliament in Kiev on March 12 call for the release of 34 political prisoners arrested during demonstrations. – CNNs Dominique Van Heereden. Follow Dominique on Instagram at instagram.com/dominique_vh

DONETSK, UKRAINE: Dominating the main square named after him: Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, also known as Lenin – CNNs Christian Streib. Follow Christian on Instagram at instagram.com/christianstreibcnn.

KIEV, UKRAINE: CNN cameraman Scott McWhinnie films volunteers peeling vegetables, preparing meals for protesters still living in tents in Maidan, also known as Independence Square, on March 9. Photo by CNNs Michael Holmes. Follow Michael on Instagram at instagram.com/holmescnn.

SEVASTOPOL, UKRAINE: The Ukranian Navy vessel Slavutych remains blocked by Russian Navy boats inside the Port of Sevastopol on March 10, photographed by CNNs Christian Streib. Follow Christian on Instagram at instagram.com/christianstreibcnn.

SEVASTOPOL, UKRAINE: CNNs Matthew Chance and team talk to the first officer of the Ukrainian Intelligence Navy ship Slavutych inside the Port of Sevastopol on March 10. – CNNs Christian Streib. Follow Christian on Instagram at instagram.com/christianstreibcnn.

KIEV, UKRAINE: People stream through Independence Square, laying flowers, and lighting candles. like the ones pictured here on March 9. Photo by CNNs Dominique Van Heerden. Follow Dominique on Instagram at instagram.com/dominique_vh

KIEV, UKRAINE: An aerial photo of Independence Square, or Maidan, in Kiev on March 8. Many remain camped out in Independence Square, while others stream through the area to pay tribute to those who were killed. Photo by CNNs Tony Umrani.

KIEV, UKRAINE: A giant EU flag is hung outside the foreign ministry building in Kiev on March 7. Photo by CNNs Dominique Van Heerden. Follow Dominique on Instagram at instagram.com/dominique_vh.

SOUTHERN UKRAINE: Gunmen block monitors from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) who are trying unsuccessfully to negotiate their way into Crimea past pro-Russian border patrols on March 7. Photo by CNNs Christian Streib. Follow Christian on Instagram at instagram.com/christianstreibcnn

KIEV, UKRAINE: CNNs Anderson Cooper reports from Kievs Independence Square on March 6. Photo by CNNs Khalil Abdallah.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Portraits of people killed during clashes with riot police are left with candles and flowers at Kievs Independence Square on March 6. Photo by CNNs Michael Holmes. Follow Michael on Instagram at instagram.com/holmescnn.

SEVASTOPOL, UKRAINE: Cameraman Chris Jackson captures the Russian Black Sea fleet in Sevastopol on March 5. Photo by CNNs Ben Wedeman. Follow Ben on Instagram at instagram.com/bcwedeman.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Cutting wood to keep volunteers warm as they continue to guard Independence Square in Kiev. – CNNs Khalil Abdallah on March 5. Follow Khalil on Instagram at instagram.com/madcameraman.

WASHINGTON, DC: Ukrainian demonstrators rally on March 5 outside the White House against the Russian incursion into Crimea. Photo by CNNs Burke Buckhorn. Follow Burke on Instagram at instagram.com/bbuckhorncnn

SEVASTOPOL, UKRAINE: A massive statue on a hill overlooking Sevastopol, dedicated to the unity of the Soviety army and navy during World War II. After a brutal 250-day siege by German forces, Sevastopol fell in 1942. The past weighs heavily here, with an intense awareness of history, of identity, of place. – CNNs Ben Wedeman. Follow Ben on Instagram at instagram.com/bcwedeman.

SEVASTOPOL, UKRAINE: A weary Ukrainian soldier after a five-day standoff at the Belbak air base outside Sevastopol, Crimea, on March 5. – CNNs Ben Wedeman. Follow Ben on Instagram at instagram.com/bcwedeman.

KIEV, UKRAINE: The Shrine of the Fallen on Institutska Street honors the Heroes killed in clashes with police. Photo on March 4 by CNNs Dominique Van Heerden. Follow Dominique on Instagram at instagram.com/dominique_vh.

KIEV, UKRAINE: CNN Cameraman Christian Streib sets up for live shots by the barricades on the road to Independence Square on March 4. Photo by CNNs Jon Steward.

KIEV, UKRAINE: 27-year old Bogdan sits on top of his Russian-made soup kitchen in Indepence — or Maidan — Square on March 2. Hes been sitting there for the last three months serving delicious Ukrainian grechaniy soup. Its made of buckwheat, lentil, coriander and beef. Amazing taste. – CNNs Christian Streib. Follow Christian on Instagram at instagram.com/christianstreibcnn.

PEREVALNOYE BASE, UKRAINE: Outside Ukrainian base in Crimea (March 2), tight-lipped but obviously Russian marines deploy around perimeter as Ukrainian soldiers inside vow not to surrender. – CNNs Ben Wedeman. Follow Ben on Instagram at instagram.com/bcwedeman.

KIEV, UKAINE: Perhaps the best solution to end the crisis in Ukraine. – CNNs Christian Streib on March 2. Follow Ben on Instagram at instagram.com/bcwedeman.

KIEV, UKRAINE: APC in central Kiev (March 1). It appeared the morning after Russian forces moved into the Crimea. — CNNs Ian Lee. Follow Ian on Instagram at instagram.com/ianjameslee.

KIEV, UKRAINE: A young girl pays tribute to anti-government protesters killed in the clashes with riot police by placing a flower on a makeshift memorial leading to the barricades in central Kiev on February 24. Photo by CNNs Todd Baxter.

KIEV, UKRAINE: A woman mourns at a makeshift memorial (February 23) in homage to anti-government protesters killed in clashes with riot police in Kievs Independence Square. Photo by CNNs Todd Baxter.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Bullet holes in a power pole at a spot where a protester was killed during clashes with riot police, near Independence Square. Photo by CNNs Todd Baxter on February 23.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Ukrainians are reflected in a puddle as they gather to mourn the dead in Maidan Square on February 23, after protesters succeeded in forcing President Viktor Yanukovich out of office. Photo by CNNs Christian Streib. Follow Christian on Instagram at instagram.com/christianstreibcnn.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Anti-government demonstrator in makeshift riot gear (February 22), a member of several protection units set up by the organizers of the occupation of Maidan Square. – CNNs Christian Streib. Follow Christian on Instagram at instagram.com/christianstreibcnn.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Defected policemen and anti-government protesters at barricades together in central Kiev on February 21. Photo by CNNs Fred Pleitgen. Follow Fred on Instagram at instagram.com/fpleitgencnn.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Anti-government protesters clash with riot police in central Kiev on February 20. Photo by CNNs Todd Baxter.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Riot police face anti-government protesters during clashes in central Kiev on February 20. Photo by CNNs Todd Baxter.

KIEV, UKRAINE: After the deaths of 25 people during clashes a day earlier, Ukrainian protesters prepare to stand and fight again on February 19. Photo taken by CNNs Andrew Carey on February 19.

KIEV, UKRAINE: This 17 year old protestor was taken by police as he was watching the clashes (January 23) while taking iPhone photos. He was stripped naked, beaten, stabbed in the thigh and his arm was broken. He faces eight to fifteen years in jail for taking part in a mass demonstration. The government has labeled those taking part in the violence as terrorists. – CNNs Diana Magnay.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Pro-Europe protesters pour into Independence square on December 14. Opposition supporters have been camping since Nov. 21 in Independence Square – in protest against President Yanukovichs last minute refusal to sign an agreement bringing Ukraine closer to the European Union, in favor of Russia. Photo by CNNs Diana Magnay.

KIEV, UKRAINE: Ukrainian riot police storm barricades set up by pro-European Union protesters in Independence Square on December 11. Ukrainian security forces stormed the square, which protesters have occupied for three weeks. The demonstrators defiantly refused to leave and resisted the police in a tense standoff. Photo by CNNs Diana Magnay.

Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Ukraine Crisis captured by CNN Teams
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine Crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine Crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine Crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Crisis in Ukraine, captured by CNN Teams on assignment.
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Ukraine crisis captured by CNN Teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams
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Crisis in Crimea and Ukraine, captured by CNN teams

Crimea is home to 2 million people, most of them ethnic Russian. Moscow strongly backed Sundays referendum, which the regions leaders declared won with an overwhelming 96.7% vote in favor of leaving Ukraine. Russian lawmakers have said they will welcome Crimea with open arms, but members of the ethnic Ukrainian and Muslim Tatar minorities had said they would boycott the vote.
Many Crimeans hope the union with Russia will bring better pay and make them citizens of a country capable of asserting itself on the world stage. Others saw the referendum as a land grab by the Kremlin from Ukraine, whose new rulers want to move the country toward the European Union and away from Moscows sway.
Yatsenyuk said Moscow appeared ready to attempt a similar play in other Russian-speaking areas of Ukraine, starting with demonstrations by what he called political tourists with foreign passports.
Look (at) the last rallies that happened in Donetsk and in Kharkiv and in Lugansk, he said. They gathered from 500 people up to 4,000 people. But they expected to have 50,000 people. So we talked to the people. We tried to address this issue in the right manner, trying to convince Ukrainians that the biggest asset we have is our country.
Earlier, Yatsenyuk threatened dire consequences for the Crimean politicians who had called the vote, threatening to try them in Ukrainian and international courts.
Andrii Parubii, the secretary of the Ukrainian parliaments National Security and Defense Council, told lawmakers the protesters included elite special units that are trying to arrive to Ukraine with weapons, and that are trying to implement a joint plan of the same scenario that was conducted in Crimea.
Defense Minister Ihor Tenyukh reported Sunday that Ukrainian troops and equipment are being moved to the east and south after a weekend Russian incursion into the town of Strilkove, northeast of Crimea. About 60 Russian troops took part in the operation, which the Russians said was needed to prevent a possible terrorist attack on oil assets, according to Ukrainian border guards.
The area supplies electricity, fresh water and natural gas to the Crimean Peninsula.
What happens next
• On Monday, Russia proposed creating an international support group to mediate in the Ukraine crisis. Its Foreign Ministry said in a statement that this group would urge Ukraine to implement portions of a February 21 peace deal and formulate a new constitution that would include Russian as an official language alongside Ukrainian, as well as set out broad powers for the countrys regions.
• Putin will address a joint session of Russias parliament to speak about Crimea on Tuesday.
• Russian lawmakers say they will discuss the future of Crimea on Friday. All the necessary legislative decisions on the results of the referendum will be taken as soon as possible, said Sergey Neverov, the deputy speaker of the lower house of parliament, the Duma. The referendum shows that the people of Crimea see their future as a part of Russia.
• Crimean lawmakers have approved legislation to make the Russian ruble the official currency in Crimea alongside the Ukrainian hryvnia, according to a statement posted on the Crimean Parliaments website. The hryvnia remains an official currency until January 1, 2016. The statement did not provide a date for when the ruble would be circulated in the region.
• The lawmakers also adopted a resolution stating that on March 30, Crimea will move to Moscow Standard Time.
• A secession would mean transferring banks, public utilities and public transport from Ukraine to Russia in what would undoubtedly be a costly operation. Crimea is entirely integrated into Ukraines mainland economy and infrastructure: Ninety percent of its water, 80% of its electricity and roughly 65% of its gas comes from the rest of country. It also depends heavily on the Ukrainian mainland to balance its books. About 70% of Crimeas $1.2 billion budget comes directly from Kiev.
• A special tax system may be introduced for Crimea, Russias state-run ITAR-Tass news agency reported Monday, citing Russian Finance Minister Sergei Shatalov.
READ: Opinion: Obama cant have it both ways
READ: Opinion: Can West make Putin blink?
READ: Opinion: Europe must check the Putin doctrine
MAP: Why the EU and U.S. are out of step on Russia sanctions
READ: Crimea: Echoes of history on road to Yalta

CNNs Susannah Palk, Stephanie Halasz and Yon Pomrenze contributed to this report.

Change the Prime Minister from the pacifist Neville Chamberlain to Winston Churchill

June 24th France surrenders to Italy, again actually an Armistice to save face.

August 17th 1940. “Eagle Day” for the Germans as they commence the “Battle of Britain”.

End of Phase One

England now “stands alone” as the only nation in Europe or indeed the world who is willing to stand up and face Hitler’s obviously excellent military machine. England have had a year, September 1939- August 1940 to:

Change the Prime Minister from the pacifist Neville Chamberlain to Winston Churchill
Understand modern warfare demonstrated by the Germans, Blitzkrieg and submarines.
Build squadrons of Spitfire and Hurricane fighter planes to defend English skies and support Blitzkrieg type land warfare and even more importantly find suitable men to train as pilots.
Commence the building of an Army which understands modern warfare with tanks, anti tank guns, anti aircraft guns and troop carriers as already engineered by the Germans.
Introduce Radio, Radar and code breaking technologies sadly lacking but already developed in England.
Reluctantly accept the Free French into England as Churchill cannot stand de Gaulle.
Willingly accept fleeing Poles into England to become pilots and help develop military radio.

Phase 2, 3rd July 1940
This is a low point for England having been thrown out of Continental Europe by the Germans who are now prepared to invade England which is as difficult for them as it is for the English to land forces in Europe because of the 20 mile wide sea “moat” known as the English Channel.
Many things happen simultaneously:

ever surrender to the Germans and will fight to

June 1940. Commencement of nation wide speeches by Churchill to the British people saying no way will the British ever surrender to the Germans and will fight to the last man and woman. (“We will fight them on the beaches” etc and “I can only offer you blood tears toil and sweat.”)

June 10th The Italians join the war as they see the Germans are winning and attack France on June 20th.

June 12th The Germans take Paris.

June 22nd 1940 France surrenders to the Germans. Actually it is an armistice not a surrender which enables the formation of a new French government to rule southern France and all Frances colonies in for example North Africa and South East Asia. This puppet government under General Petain is headquartered at Vichy and cowtows to all things required by Nazi Germany. Many French see Petain as a traitor notably General de Gaulle who flees to England and the many brave French men and women who stay and form the French underground “Resistance”.
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During this period Sept/Oct 1939 the English are expecting the Germans

Oct 16th. German air force planes (Luftwaffe) bomb two British Cruisers in the Firth of Forth. (Edinburgh Scotland)

During this period Sept/Oct 1939 the English are expecting the Germans to bomb London as a precursor to a main land invasion and there is a mass exodus of children from London, without their parents, into the country where the London kids are welcomed by country folk. The bombing does not happen and after a few months many children go back to their London homes.

1940 May 10th 1940 Eight months after the commencement of war, Winston Churchill at 66 years old becomes Prime Minister of Britain and assumes responsibility for the armed forces.

May 26th-June 4th. Dunkirk. The British and French armies who have been fighting against the well prepared German forces for some nine months are finally surrounded by the Germans in north eastern France. But the majority of the English and many French successfully escape in the operation known as Dunkirk when half a million troops are successfully shipped from Dunkirk, France to Kent, England by a flotilla of naval vessels supported by all the small fishing boats that can be found in time.

The British had landed their first troops on

Phase One

The British had landed their first troops on friendly French soil by 9th September. What the English did not know was that Hitler had previously agreed with Stalin, the Russian dictator, to attack Poland simultaneously, one from the West and the other from the East and share the spoils.

The Russians invade on the 17th of September. The Poles resist manfully but are no match for the German Blitzkrieg techniques and by the 6th October this battle is over while the British army is still in France.

In the mean time; Sept 5th. USA declares its neutrality.

Sept 6th. The loyal South Africans declare war on Germany.

Sept 10th. The even more loyal Canadians declare war on Germany. Sept 30th General Sikorski forms The Polish Govt. in Exile in Paris

Also Sept 3rd. British cruse liner Athenia sunk by a German submarine (U boat). 28 Americans including tourists killed. The British commence their defensive “convoy” strategy (ships inline protected by naval vessels like Destroyers or Crusers on either side) for all future transatlantic shipping.

Sept 17th. British aircraft carrier Courageous sunk by a German U boat.

Oct 14th. A U boat sails into one of Britain’s most secure harbours, Scapa Flow, and sinks the British battleship Royal Oak with the loss of 800 crew. Scapa Flow is a stretch of water north of Scotland in the Orkney Islands.

Rhineland which had been occupied by Britain

1935-1939 After Mussolini marches into Abyssinia and the world does nothing, Hitler is encouraged to take back the Rhineland which had been occupied by Britain and France since the end of the First World War. The Rhineland is the land between the Rhine River and present day France.
1936 March. Hitler sends German troops into the Rhineland and claims it once again as German soil. Britain and France do nothing.
1938 Hitler sends troops into Austria. Pacifists Britain and France do nothing.
1938 Hitler sends his tanks into Czechoslovakia to claim back land lost in 1914-18. Britain and France do nothing and the world looks on. The Czecks are no match for Hitler’s honed Blitzkrieg war machine.
1938 October to 1939 September. Encouraged by an easy victory, Hitler now publicly states he intends to take the land back in Poland he lost in 1918. The original heart of Germany was Prussia which included all of northern Poland. Britain and France say if you, Hitler invade Poland we will invade you. Hitler took no notice, invaded Poland on 1st September 1939 and as promised Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3rd September 1939.

against the Free West.